Archives mensuelles : novembre 2014

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Intervention at the Radio Reboot fm

émission de radio: 

Excursus: Report on the International Coalition of Sans-papiers and the constructionof a European political platform of Migrants and Refugees
(CISPM-Meeting from 13th-16th Nov. 2014 in Rome)

à partir de la minute 40:20

Bericht zur internationalen Koalition von Sans-papiers und zum Aufbau einer Europäischen politischen Plattform von Migrant*innen und Flüchtlingen(CISPM-Sitzung vom 13.-16.11.2014 in Rom)

Publicités

[CISPM]: Déclaration finale journées internationales 13-16 Novembre 2014 Rome (Italie) / Final Declaration of the International Days of Rome (Italy) – 13th to 16th of November / Dichiarazione finale giornate internazionali 13-16 Novembre 2014, Roma

English below ++++ Italiano +++


FRANCAIS


Déclaration finale journées internationales 13-16 Novembre 2014 Rome (Italie)

Les journées internationales de rencontres/d’actions organisées à Rome du 13 au 16 novembre par la Coalition Internationale des Sans-papiers, Migrant-e-es, Réfugié-e-s et Demandeur d’asile (CISPM) ont vu la participation de délégués en provenance de la France, la Suisse, la Belgique, l’Espagne, la Grèce, l’Allemagne, la Tunisie, la Hollande, la Pologne et évidemment de l’Italie.

Ces journées se sont déroulées dans un contexte où l’Europe a choisi de traiter la crise économique et sociale par l’accentuation de politiques d’austérité imposées par la Banque Centrale Européenne et les mesures de repli sécuritaire et discriminatoires de l’Union Européenne et de ses pays membres vis-à-vis des migrants, réfugié-e-s et demandeurs d’asile (le règlement Dublin III, les différents accords bilatéraux ou autres mesures anti-migrants).

Nous sommes de ceux qui pensent que Lire la suite

Rencontre CISPM Rome 13-16.11.2015 ( Video avec sous-titres )

with subtitles

http://vimeo.com/112315780

with subtitles

http://vimeo.com/114952918

[Article de presse RFI] Révolte dans un camp de rétention en Grèce: 65 migrants en procès

« En Grèce, le procès de 65 migrants accusés de rébellion et de mise en danger de la vie d’autrui s’est ouvert ce lundi 3 novembre à Athènes. Il y a un peu plus d’un an, une révolte avait éclaté dans le camp de détention pour migrants sans papiers d’Amygdaleza, après l’annonce d’une augmentation de la durée maximale de détention de 12 à 18 mois. Elle avait fait 10 blessés du côté de la police. »

Article complet :

http://www.rfi.fr/europe/20141104-revolte-camp-retention-grece-65-migrants-proces-amygdaleza/

[Press] « Analysis » by Simon Allison: Africa: Think Again – Europe Leaves Refugees to Sink or Swim

ANALYSIS By Simon Allison

« The physical gulf between Africa and Europe is not nearly as great as the discrepancies in wealth and development might suggest. At their closest the two continents are just 14 kilometres apart, and, on a clear day, it’s possible to see the shimmering lights of Gibraltar from Morocco’s northern tip – a glowing beacon of prosperity that draws would-be refugees and immigrants like moths to a flame.

Most of Europe, however, is out of sight from North Africa’s long coastline. That does not diminish its appeal. In 2014, at least 130 000 people have attempted the perilous sea crossing.

It’s not just Africans making the journey, although they form the bulk – in particular Eritreans and Libyans fleeing persecution and violence. There are also tens of thousands of Syrians, hoping to reach the end of a long and arduous journey from civil war to safety.

All are part of the greatest refugee crisis since the end of the Second World War. According to the United Nations (UN) Refugee Agency (also known as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, or UNHCR), the total number of forcibly displaced people in the world has exceeded 50 million for the first time in nearly 60 years.

They’re all looking for a better life, and who can blame them? Usually, refugees are escaping from situations that few in the developed world can relate to: torture, rape, civil war, persecution, oppressive authoritarian regimes and absolute poverty. These are not chancers looking to abuse Europe’s benefit system.

And the sacrifices they make along the way are staggering. Many hand over their entire life savings to smuggling gangs, with no guarantees of success; most abandon their friends, families and livelihoods. All must risk their lives on over-crowded, rickety boats that sink with alarming regularity.

Over the last year, at least one aspect of this dire situation has improved: the boats are sinking less regularly, thanks to Operation Mare Nostrum, a comprehensive search-and-rescue mission mounted by the European Union (EU). This was implemented in the wake of last year’s Lampedusa tragedy, in which about 365 migrants died when their boat overturned. It was a headline-grabbing disaster that forced Europe into action.

These efforts have been effective; authorities estimate that as many as 70 000 people have subsequently been saved. Despite this, the sea crossing remains perilous – more than 2 500 have already drowned or gone missing in this year alone.

But the action lasted only for a year. Mare Nostrum’s mandate expired in October 2014, and will not be extended. Italy – the main destination for refugees, thanks to its proximity to Libya – says it can’t afford to maintain the operation on its own, and other governments are not stepping up to help. Britain, for example, has said it won’t contribute to any future operations and described Mare Nostrum as a ‘pull factor’ that encourages more refugees to enter Europe – a claim dismissed by the British Refugee Council, a local non-governmental organisation.

It’s like saying seatbelts encourage dangerous driving, so don’t wear seatbelts

‘It’s like saying seatbelts encourage dangerous driving, so don’t wear seatbelts,’ said communications officer, Rebecca Moore. ‘If you follow it through to its logical conclusion, the British government is saying let’s let people drown so that people don’t come here in the future.’ In place of Mare Nostrum, the EU is mounting Operation Triton – a vastly scaled-down effort that focuses on border protection rather than search and rescue.

Effectively, Europe is leaving refugees to sink or swim. It is battening down the hatches and pulling up the drawbridge of Fortress Europe, regardless of the human cost. ‘What a grotesque betrayal of the founding principles of the EU, an organisation built on the promise of peace, prosperity and asylum for the desperate. What an indictment of timid politicians,’ wrote Britain’s Guardian newspaper in an editorial.

Legally, however, Europe is within its rights to let refugees drown in international waters. The treatment of refugees is governed by the 1951 Refugee Convention, to which most European states are signatories. This obligates states to provide a safe haven for people fleeing from danger: states can’t send refugees back into danger, must uphold their basic human rights and must assist with the official refugee determination process.

Surely it should be legally, as well as morally wrong to leave people to drown?

But the convention only comes into force when refugees actually reach a country’s sovereign territory. What happens before then is someone else’s problem – or no one else’s, as the case may be.

And even when refugees do reach Europe, responsibility is not spread among EU member states. The Dublin II Regulation establishes the principle that if a refugee enters a member state illegally, then that member state – and that member state alone – is responsible for processing and caring for the refugee.

This puts a huge burden on countries like Italy, Greece and Bulgaria, which are the first ports of entry for most refugees crossing the Mediterranean (even if these countries are not their intended end destinations). It also allows other European countries to avoid any kind of collective responsibility.

That’s why organisations like Amnesty International are campaigning to reform the Dublin Regulation, arguing that it places ‘unfair strain on countries involved in the rescue operations.’ But perhaps the campaign should include the Refugee Convention too.

Surely states and regional bodies that have the capacity to save tens of thousands of lives – as Operation Mare Nostrum did – should have a legal obligation to do so? Surely it should be legally as well as morally wrong to leave people to drown just outside your own territorial waters?

Politics, however, get in the way of common sense. Immigration in general is a fraught subject in Europe, and right-wing parties across the continent play on public xenophobia to push their agenda.

Most analysts conclude that Britain’s refusal to support search-and-rescue missions for refugees was prompted by the government’s fear of losing more ground to the United Kingdom Independence Party, which campaigns on an anti-Europe, anti-immigration platform. That’s why the ruling Conservative Party has taken such a hard line on refugees – for better or worse (usually worse), domestic political considerations almost always trump international obligations, regardless of the death toll in international waters.

– Simon Allison, ISS Consultant

Source : http://allafrica.com/

[Voix des Migrants] 04.11.2014, 8H, S-Bahn Tiergarten, Berlin: Protest in front of the spanish Embassy

Against police violences, pushbacks and violation of human rights that are endured by migrants in Melilla.

4.11.2014 

8h (AM)

S-Bahn Tiergarten

[Voix des Migrants] 04.11.2014, 08H, S-Bahn Tiergarten, Berlin: Manifestation devant l’ambassade d’Espagne

Contre les violences policières, refoulements et violations des droits de l´homme que subissent les migrants à Melilla, Espagne. 

4.11.2014 

8h (AM)

S-Bahn Tiergarten

[Presse] Afghan migrants’ bodies found off Turkish coast after boat sinks – video

« Turkish coastguards have pulled 24 bodies and seven survivors out of the Black Sea off the coast of Istanbul. The bodies are seen covered in blankets lying at the Turkish harbour at Rumeli Feneri, where the Bosporus opens up into the Black Sea. The boat was believed to have been carrying at least 40 migrants on their way from Afghanistan to Romania »

link :

http://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2014/nov/03/afghan-migrants-bodies-turkish-coast-boat-sinks-video

[Presse] Siemens to house refugees in Munich office

« Engineering giant Siemens said on Monday it had offered its empty offices in Munich to accommodate refugees, as the country grapples with a rise in asylum seekers. »

full article :

http://www.thelocal.de/20141103/siemens-to-house-refugees-in-munich-offices

[CISPM Berlin] 02.11.2014, 18H, Fuldastr. 12, Berlin: Next meeting of the CISPM

Next meeting of the CISPM : 

2.11.2014 

18h

Fuldastr. 12